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Which X-TERRA coil is best for me? - Part 1

February 22, 2012 04:17pm

Randy Horton
Randy Digger Horton

One of the most commonly asked questions by X-TERRA metal detector users is, 'which coil is best for me?' Although that may seem to be a fairly simple question to some, the coil that provides the best results in one part of the world won’t necessarily be the best choice for another. And the coil that performs best for one aspect of the hobby won’t necessarily provide the best results for another. Reaching the right conclusion can be complicated until you understand the differences in coil design and application.

We’ve all heard the saying that there is the 'right tool for the job'. In a sense, the same can be said for metal detector coils. Choosing the 'right coil for the job' may seem a bit overwhelming at first. But once you understand the differences between your coil choices, and match that information up with the sites you hunt and targets you are seeking, you’ll not only find that choosing the proper coil can and will enhance your chances of success, you’ll understand why as well.

There are several generalities that hold true for each of us, regardless of the make and model of detector we are using. One is that, in soil with high levels of magnetic mineralization, a coil of Double-D design will provide better results than a Concentric coil. Other generalities are that larger coils will detect larger targets at greater depths, smaller coils are more sensitive to smaller targets, smaller coils separate targets better than larger coils and Double-D coils separate targets better than similarly sized concentric coils. Many of us who have been detecting for years have already figured these things out, to a certain degree. But with the advent of the X-TERRA, capable of operating at one of three different frequencies, the question of 'which frequency best serves my needs' now comes into play.

X-TERRA metal detector coils

X-TERRA coils are available in three frequencies 3 kHz, 7.5 kHz and 18.75 kHz. In addition to the three frequencies, X-TERRA coils available in Double-D design and Concentric. As mentioned in the previous paragraph, Double-D coils are designed to provide more operational stability in soil with high levels of magnetic mineralization, as compared to concentric coils. This is because Double-D coils are constructed with overlapping windings, one wound in reverse of the other, thus minimizing the effects of the mineralization.

The manner in which I make the determination as to whether the site I have chosen to hunt is considered highly mineralized or moderately mineralized is to simply perform a Ground Balance using my stock 9-inch concentric coil at 7.5 kHz.

When you are Ground Balancing the X-TERRA, the numbers that appear on the screen represent the phase angle of the ground. For the sake of this discussion, I’ll refer to them as the ground phase numbers. The larger the ground phase number, the weaker the influence of magnetic mineralization. A smaller ground phase number would represent a stronger influence of magnetic mineralization. In sites with moderate levels of magnetic mineralization, Concentric coils will provide a greater depth of detection than similar sized Double-D coils. And, in those moderately mineralized sites, Concentric coils will also operate with more stability and provide a more accurate Target ID. However, as easy as that sounds, there are times and places that some of you will not be able to maximize the X-TERRA’s effectiveness with a Concentric coil, regardless of which model you are using. Although there is no magic wand for determining whether a particular site is to be considered moderately mineralized or highly mineralized, I’ve developed a 'rule of thumb' that you might find useful in deciding whether or not a Double-D coil would be beneficial. I’ll explain that theory, as well as how you can implement it at any site you hunt, in Part 2.

Randy Horton  (Digger)
You'll never know for sure......unless you dig it!

Comments

Thank you Randy!
This is just what I was looking for! I Ordered my X-TERRA this week and want to be ready as possible the day it arrives. Mine is the "Gold pack" so, I have only the one coil. But I need to know HOW to optimize the use of it. I eagerly await part 2 of your article. Keep it comin' !
Posted By: HotDiggity on February 24, 2012 06:56am
Congrats on ordering an X-TERRA. Your Gold pack will come equipped with the elliptical Double-D coil,operating at 18.75kHz. It is a great coil for coins, jewelry and Prospecting. Being of Double-D design, it will handled mineralized sites quite well, and has terrific target separation. Before your X-TERRA arrives, I'd invite you to download a copy of my eBook, Understanding your X-TERRA, available FREE right here on Minelab's website. It offers tips for getting the most out of all the X-TERRA coils. If you have any questions, don't hesitate to ask. HH Randy
Posted By: Digger on February 24, 2012 09:47am
Hi Randy:
I just received my new X-TERRA 705 and have been out a few times with it finding a lot of clad and a 1952 silver dime.When I do the ground balance using auto mode it comes in at 22 if I remember right! Don't know if that is high or low ? But I hunt allot of big open areas (fields) and was considering a 15" coil.I live in the Mid western part of Illinois just across the river from St.Louis Mo. Just to give you a reference point. I don't think mineralization is a big problem for me here,Would the 15" serve me well here.I have a lot to learn about using the 705 and am fairly new to metal detecting so please excuse any UN ordinary questions I may ask.I have read your book from this site and will also be doing some air testing.But can not locate any info on the numbers for ground mineralization what is high or what is low.Like your info and still reading all I can find on the 705 thanks for all you add to the MDing info.
Posted By: rseasy1 on June 05, 2012 07:42pm
Congrats on hitting silver with your new X-TERRA 705. I'm sure once you understand the functionality and how to apply it to your sites and style of hunting, it will be the first of many! Regarding mineralization and your ground phase number......if you look in Part 2 of this series, "Which X-TERRA coil is best for me?" you will find a procedure I use for determining whether I might benefit from using a DD coil, opposed to a concentric. If that ground phase number of 22 that you mentioned was when using a concentric, then you will likely benefit from the design characteristics of a DD. The Coiltek 15-inch All Terrain DD coil is an excellent choice for those big open areas that you described. It covers a lot of ground with each sweep, has amazing depth of detection, and is surprisingly sensitive to small targets. Like you, I hunt a lot of farm fields. And it is an excellent coil for that application. Again, if you take a look at some of my other TreasureTalk blog posts here on Minelab's website, you find a 2-part series entitled: "Coiltek 15-inch ALL TERRAIN coil for the X-TERRA Series". In those two blogs, you will learn more about the 15-inch coil and what to expect out of it. Congrats again on your first silver with the X-TERRA. HH Randy
Posted By: Digger on June 06, 2012 01:53pm
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